Understanding the movements of Modern Art and how modern art began are the primary elements that you need to learn in order to conceive the principles of modern painting. The “Modern” movement was an actual period in art that began in the mid-19th century and ended in the 1960s or 1970s.
In the 1940s, when the Modern movement was in its pinnacle, art had divided into many movements that were as exceptionally different from each other as Dali’s Surrealism and Mondrian’s Neo-plasticism. Yet all these movements had the same point of origin and thus the same single driving motive to fight the establishment and defy hope.
In the 19th century, the impressionist broke hundreds of years of convention by painting their instant impressions of whatever scene lay before them, with emphasis on seizing the certain qualities of light as it existed in the moment. When these painters loomed onto the art scene, the Impressionists were examined to be little more than rogues, upsetting a great and grand tradition of art. This new style of painting led to a flood of other new styles, all of which now fall into the Modern art movement.
At the outset of the 20th century, the Expressionists were part of a larger cultural movement that also included writers and dancers. The Expressionists painted less of what they saw and more of what they felt. The paintings of the Expressionists were wildly personal, mimicking raw emotions and abstracted picture planes. These textural, visceral, immediate paintings were often flashy and loud.
Time, Margin and Mental Unreason
The Cubists, Dadaists and Surrealists were all very distinctive artists, handling with similar ideas in unequal methods. While the Cubists took the two-dimensional picture plane and made it into a three-dimensional conundrum, the Dadaists tried to divide the very structure of art by painting art nonsense which is sometimes called “anti-art”. Meanwhile, the Surrealists painted from the subconscious, bending time, space and reason, creating loopy and disturbing images of real and unreal. Although these different movements were very unlike each other in product, the intellectualism and sensationalism driving each movement was the same. These movements reinforced a new standard in art that required artists to break conventions and supposition.
When it’s taken in an overall context, the true basis of Modern painting seems to be rational lawlessness. The new rule is there are no rules. It is the true achievement of the Modern painters and the one and only real proposition of Modern painting. Simply, do whatever you want, but rather, do it in a way that is different, impulsive and infamous. You’d better keep these paintings by adding frames to them.
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